The Slim Quest: The forgotten first president of Egypt

Gamal Abdel Nasser is often referred to as the father of the Republic of Egypt, but his biography shows him as the republic’s second president.The name of the father of the nation is usually given to the first leader of a country, but why is Egypt’s second president Nasser called the father of the nation?So who was Egypt’s first president?Yi?I don’t think I’ve ever heard of that.Even most Egyptians don’t know who their first president was, let alone us outsiders, because the name of the first president of the Egyptian Republic has been deliberately withheld by the Egyptian authorities.The first president of the Republic of Egypt was named Mohammed Najib.As early as 1918, Najib had joined the Egyptian army.When the Zionists declared themselves the state of Israel in 1948, the angry Arab states launched a siege.Najib, who also took part in the battle, led the charge as an artillery division commander and was wounded three times in battle.The first Middle East war ended in defeat for the Arab states, but Najib’s reputation rose to prominence.Then, under an alias, he exposed the corruption of the Farouk dynasty’s upper echelons in the arms trade, further increasing his popularity within the Egyptian army.Disillusioned with the Farouk dynasty after the First Middle East war, Nasser returned to Egypt and began leading the Free Officers in a campaign to overthrow the Farouk dynasty.The Free Officers’ organization has been around since 1939, but it is made up of junior and middle-ranking officers.Given major-General Najib’s popularity at the time, Nasser courted him and made him the group’s leader.On July 22, 1952, the Free Officers launched a military uprising that toppled the decadent Farouk dynasty.As the figurehead of the Freedom Officers, Najib became commander-in-chief of the armed forces and chairman of the revolutionary Steering Council, which wielded supreme power in the fledgling regime.Nasser, the vice chairman of the Revolutionary Steering Council, which controls Egypt, is in charge of the country because of the voting system of its members.On 6 January 1953, Najib issued a decree disbanding all political parties and confiscating their property.But the Brotherhood, in effect Egypt’s largest political party, has been identified as a social and religious group that is not disbanded.The Brotherhood was excluded because Mr Najib is unusually close to it.Nasser’s intention was to enlist the Brotherhood against the Farooks through Najib when he chose najib as the leader of the Freedom Officers.On June 17, 1953, Egypt formally abolished the monarchy and established a republic. Najib served as the first president and prime Minister of the Republic of Egypt, while Nasser served as deputy prime Minister and Minister of the Interior.But Mr Najib’s replacement as chief of the armed forces has soured Mr Nasser.The last pharaoh, Fuad Farouk Najib, was generally a moderate political figure. He believed that the government should remain civilian, that the Free Officers should not have too much power in government, and that since the overthrow of the Farouk dynasty had been achieved, the soldiers should return to their barracks.It was Mr Najib’s efforts to reconcile nasser’s views that made the July 22nd uprising much less bloody, such as the plea for Egypt’s last king, Faad Farouk, to escape his death and go into exile.Najib resented Nasser’s efforts to put himself on the stage as a figurehead of state while secretly limiting himself in various ways.Over time, the conflict turned from political disagreement into a power struggle, and Najib broke with the AHRAR.Egypt’s generals, led by Gamal Nasser, built a republic, but they faced a formidable rival at home, the Aforementioned Brotherhood.The Brotherhood, which at the time had more than 2 million members and more than 2, 000 branches, played a major role in the free Officers’ overthrow of the Farouk dynasty, but power was seized by the Free Officers.And the Brotherhood is furious that the Free Officers are imposing restrictions on it, either explicitly or implicitly.In January 1954, the Brotherhood secretly instructed its supporters to stage demonstrations against the military government.Nasser had been waiting for this opportunity for a long time before the Egyptian army reciprocated.Nasser outlawed the Brotherhood, and the Egyptian army quickly shut down its branches and the brotherhood went underground.Najib, who has close ties to the Brotherhood, resented this and, after fruitless negotiations with Nasser, threatened to resign from the Revolutionary Steering Council altogether.To Najib’s surprise, the Revolution steering Committee promptly accepted his resignation.The revolutionary Steering Council appointed Nasser as its new head and prime minister, leaving the presidency vacant.But that didn’t end there. An army suddenly surrounded Najib’s house and placed him under house arrest.Mr Najib, after all, is a veteran of the army, where he has plenty of support.So as soon as the news of his house arrest spread, the cavalry stationed in Cairo rallied on 26 February to demand his reinstatement to all his posts!To avoid civil war, Nasser had to make a concession and reinstated Najib in all his posts, while Nasser continued to deign to be deputy prime minister.At the same time, Nasser announced that parliamentary elections would be held in July 1954 and that the revolutionary steering Council would be dissolved automatically at the same time.But how could the strongman Nasser give up so easily?On March 27, Nasser called a meeting of his supporting officers to unify his army’s thinking.Then Cairo’s industrial unions began a huge general strike against Mr Najib, whose organisers claimed he wanted to restore the Farouk dynasty. The strikes quickly turned into a rally for Mr Najib’s resignation.Under enormous social pressure, Mr Najib, who has little experience in political warfare, panicked. Instead of fighting tit for tit, he backed down, hoping for a calm situation.He first resigned as prime minister and then had to step down from the revolutionary steering Council, retaining only the title of president.However, as we all know, when political struggle becomes an adversary, there is only death and compromise is always the way to die.On October 26, 1954, Al-Latif, a member of the Muslim Brotherhood, assassinated Nasser.In the bizarre assassination, Al-Latif fired multiple shots at Nasser at point-blank range as he was speaking in Alexandria, but executed a perfectly executed body stroke that did not touch a hair on Nasser’s head.Nasser is fine, so the Brotherhood is out of luck.Al-latif’s killing led to the arrest of 2,943 Members of the Brotherhood, of whom 1,121 were convicted.No, 1,122, and one of them is being held without trial.This person must we have guessed, is the protagonist of this article – the republic of Egypt’s first president Najib.The steering Council sacked Mr Najib on the grounds that his close ties to the Brotherhood had been ‘discovered’ during interrogations of arrested Members.The deposed Mr. Najib was whisked away by military police, and for a long time there was no word from him and speculation about his fate.Without trial, the first president of the Egyptian Republic simply disappeared from view.Sadat signed an order for najib’s release in 1972, but the freed najib was never seen, leading to rumors that he had been secretly executed in 1954.Then, on August 28, 1984, Egyptian state television suddenly broadcast the news to the nation that Major General Najib had died in Cairo after failing medical treatment.Najib ended up holding a military funeral as a major general, with then-President Hosni Mubarak on hand to pay tribute to his role as Egypt’s first president.In his memoir, “I Was President of Egypt,” published in Egypt that same year, it emerged that he had been held in a Cairo villa since 1954, when he was taken away by military police.The 1972 decree merely widened his circle a bit.But in the history of bloody political battles in the Middle East, few deposed former leaders like Mr. Najib have survived. Mr. Najib is one of the lucky ones.The Brotherhood’s rivalry with the Egyptian military continues to this day, when the Brotherhood returned to the sun on June 24, 2012, when Mohamed Morsi became the first civilian president of the Egyptian Republic.But just a year later, morsi’s government was overthrown by the Egyptian army, his predecessor, Najib, was even worse off, and the Brotherhood was designated a terrorist organization.In this world, as expected, the fist is the truth.You win by the book, they flip the table.Feel the code word of the article is also good, through the passing read please praise a powder a turn.Thank you for your support.If you are interested in the code word article, please continue to read the previous book of code Word: At the Tokyo Trial, a judge found Japanese war criminals not guilty.

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