The top scientists in the world are 2,650 in the US, 514 in the UK and how many in China?

Along with the advance of science and technology, believe that people also more and more realized the importance of “” relying on science and education, as is known to all, the modern Chinese in the world, have long been in a very passive position, and isolation, this leads to the level of science and technology, has a complete, but as with the world gradually, gradually has all kinds of talents,Up to now, in the past decades, the society has made long-term development, which makes people wonder how many top scientists there are in China?In fact, a recent list of the world’s top scientists has revealed the answer.The big picture model comes from the world’s most authoritative professional information service provider:Clarivate Analytics has provided a list of “highly cited scientists” to the world every year since the 21st century. The so-called “highly cited” scientists refer to scientists who publish papers and have been included in the database, so that other researchers can retrieve information and cite the papers.A paper that is cited is called a “cited article,” its author is called a “cited scientist,” and if the number of citations is high, it is also called a “highly cited scientist.”With clarivate Analytics, they use advanced algorithms to create a roster of people, along with their nationality and organization.In the 2020 list, 6,167 scientists from more than 60 countries and regions were listed based on the number of highly cited papers published in 11 years from 2009 to 2019, covering all fields from natural science to social science.The top 20 national institutions in the big picture model, mainly distributed in Europe, the United Kingdom, with 514 people, occupied the third place in the list, compared to the previous years, the United States is still 2650 people, accounting for 44% of the absolute advantage, ranked the first, how about China?The number of highly cited scientists in The Chinese mainland reached 770, ranking second, ahead of the UK (third), Germany (fourth) (345) and Australia (fifth).A larger pattern in the high lead scientist of organization, Harvard University in the United States, with 188 people ranked the first, the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 124 ranked second, third and the fourth were at Stanford university in the United States and the United States national institutes of health, as for tsinghua university, ranked ninth in 55, it is worth mentioning that this is the first time in domestic colleges and universities in the top ten list.This list can be seen as a competition among top scientists. China has been steadily rising over the years. As early as 2014, only 134 Chinese scientists were selected, ranking fourth, while in 2014, 249 were selected, ranking third only after the United States and the United Kingdom.As of 2019, China has overtaken the UK in the rankings. In addition, the gap between China and the US is gradually narrowing.While the United States still tops the list, its share fell from 44 percent in 2019 to 41.5 percent this year, while Domestic share rose from 10.2 percent last year to 12.1 percent in 2020.In contrast, Japan, another Asian science powerhouse, has shown a sluggish trend, ranking fifth in 2014, but falling to eighth in 2015, and falling out of the top 10 in 2018 (13th). This also puts pressure on Japan, which is now working on the “Sixth Science and Technology Basic Plan”.A new policy to encourage scientific and technological innovation will be implemented from 2021.Objectively speaking, this list cannot be regarded as a measurement of the top scientists, but it can also reflect the basic soft power of a country from the side. We also hope that there are more talents in China to stand out.The World’s Top 2% Scientists 2021, published by John P. A. Ioannidis and his team at Stanford University, identifies the Top 2% of Scientists in the World from A pool of nearly 7 million.The ranking is divided into 22 fields and 176 sub-disciplines, covering a total of about 160,000 eminent scientists from various fields.The list is divided into two categories: the Lifetime Science Impact Ranking (1960-2010) and the 2020 Science Impact Ranking.The list is based on Elsevier Scopus data based on six key indicators, including total citations, h-index and co-authors’ Revision of Schreiber HM-Index.The top 2% of the world’s scientists were selected from nearly 7 million worldwide based on the authors’ “annual impact” and “career impact.”

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